By Moshe Gil
This used to be the 1st finished historical past of Palestine from the Muslim conquest in 634 to that of the Crusaders in 1099. it's a 1992 translation and revised model of quantity I of Palestine through the First Muslim interval which used to be released in Hebrew in 1983 and offers an authoritative survey of the early mediaeval Islamic and Jewish worlds. in response to a magnificent array of resources together with files from the Cairo Geniza assortment, the writer examines the lives of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim groups of Palestine opposed to a historical past of the political and army occasions of the interval. particular consciousness is paid to the historical past of Palestinian Jews lower than Muslim rule. a vital source for college kids and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish historical past, non secular experiences and for someone drawn to the historical past of the Holy Land.
Professor Gil starts off through reviewing the political and armed forces occasions in Palestine sooner than and after the Arab invasion. Later chapters discover the Abbasid, Tiiliinid, Ikhshidid and Fatimid sessions, in which time Palestine was once a virtually perpetual battlefield for states, armies and factions. in contrast backdrop of clash and administrative alterations, the writer portrays the standard lifetime of Palestine and its population. He seems on the financial heritage of Palestine- its agriculture, delivery amenities, exports and platforms of taxation- in addition to the non secular prestige ofJerusalem, the character of Islam's tolerance in the direction of Jews and Christians and the prestige, management and customs of the Christian population. particular cognizance is paid to the historical past of Palestinian Jews less than Muslim rule. Professor Gil information their topography, monetary actions and non secular existence; he explores the Karaite and Samaritan groups and discusses the position of the main well-liked Jewish establishment, the yeshiva.
"A background of Palestine, 634-1099" relies on a powerful array of assets. Professor Gil has rigorously learn the greater than 1,000 records of the Cairo Geniza assortment and those are paralleled by means of Arabic, Syriac, Latin and Greek fabric. This enormous research might be learn by means of scholars and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish heritage and spiritual reviews and by way of someone drawn to the background of the Holy Land.
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Additional info for A History of Palestine, 634-1099
I7 THE CONQUEST  One of the means by which the Byzantine ruler hoped to prevent the nomadic tribes' invasion into Palestinian territory was to form alliances with those tribes who inhabited regions along the borders. These tribes assumed responsibility for the security of the area in exchange for certain benefits and subsidies. Thus in the early stages of Islam, the tribes served as a serious deterrent, as we shall soon see, in the face of the Muslims' first attempts at penetration northward.
They did not sense any special ties to the Bedouin; if anything it was the contrary. Their proximity and the danger of an invasion from that quarter disturbed their peace of mind and this is amply reflected both in the writings of the Church Fathers and in Talmudic sources. The remarkable success of the Arab wars of conquest is more than comprehensible when seen against the background of the disastrous internal conditions that prevailed within the two great powers that were the object of attack.
Xix, 3-4. Many interpret his text as applying to the island oflotabe which he mentions. But in saying 'there the Jews lived', he means the entire neighbourhood of Aila-Eilat, which he mentions at the beginning of that narrative. Eilat (Etzion Gaver) is 'Asya, or Asya, in the Talmudic sources. See Klein, Freimann Jubilee Volume, 116ff; Alon, Studies, I, 320. Eusebius already identified it in his Onomastikon, see the Klostermann edition, p. 62. On the Jewish character of certain localities in Palestine, such as Tiberias, Kefar Nal)iim, Sepphoris and Nazareth, see what is written according to the sources of the Church Fathers in: Couret, La Palestine, 5f.