By Susan F. Martin
Immigration makes the United States what it truly is and is formative for what it is going to develop into. the USA used to be settled by way of 3 diverse types of immigration, all of which persist to the current. The Virginia Colony principally equated immigration with the coming of employees, who had few rights. Massachusetts welcomed those that shared the non secular perspectives of the founders yet excluded these whose ideals challenged the present orthodoxy. Pennsylvania valued pluralism, turning into the main different colony in faith, language, and tradition. This publication strains the evolution of those 3 competing types of immigration as they clarify the ancient roots of present coverage debates and ideas. Arguing that the Pennsylvania version has most sensible served the rustic, the ultimate bankruptcy makes techniques for destiny immigration reform. Given the hugely debatable nature of immigration within the usa, this ebook presents considerate, well-reasoned research, beneficial to either educational and coverage audiences for the methods it areas present day developments and coverage innovations into old standpoint.
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Additional resources for A Nation of Immigrants
As a result, the stockholders decided to bypass the Council and seek a royal charter that would guarantee their right to the land. 1 The Massachusetts Bay Charter itself generally followed the same provisions as those assigned to the Virginia Company. In addition to setting out the mercantile purposes and governance structure for the company, the charter spelled out its religious purposes: whereby our said People, Inhabitants there, may be soe religiously, peaceablie, and civilly governed, as their good Life and orderlie Conversacon, maie wynn and incite the Natives of Country, to the KnowIedg and Obedience of the onlie true God and Saulor of Mankinde, and the Christian Fayth, which in our Royall Intencon, and the Adventurers free Profession, is the principall Ende of this Plantacion.
This contrasted sharply with the hierarchical Church of England, whose authorities emanated from the King and his bishops, not from the church members. Of particular concern to the Puritans were the policies implemented by William Laud, who became Archbishop of Canterbury, the most important figure in the Church of England. Laud defended the Church of England’s episcopal structures and introduced uniform rituals that the Puritans opposed. ” With the support of Charles I, Laud took action to suppress the Puritans.
This immediatley distinguished the Massachusetts Bay Company from the Virginia Company, whose leadership remained in England. The 1 Some members of the Council disputed the Massachusetts Bay Company’s claim, leading to a series of challenges that eventually were decided in favor of the new company. 30 A Nation of Immigrants Puritan leadership feared that if the Massachusetts Bay Company stayed in England and remained open to new stock purchases, they might lose control. Moving the charter and the company to Massachusetts ensured that its leadership would remain Puritan (Andrews 1964: 390).