By William Manchester
From stories of chivalrous knights to the barbarity of trial by way of ordeal, no period has been a better resource of awe, horror, and beauty than the center a long time. In handsomely crafted prose, and with the grace and authority of his awesome reward for narrative historical past, William Manchester leads us from a civilization tottering on the point of cave in to the grandeur of its rebirth--the dense explosion of power that spawned a few of history's maximum poets, philosophers, painters, adventurers, and reformers, in addition to a few of its such a lot extraordinary villains--the Renaissance.
Using basically secondary resources, Manchester plunges readers into the medieval frame of mind in a charming, marvelously shiny well known heritage that humanizes the tumultuous span from the darkish a long time to the sunrise of the Renaissance. He delineates an age whilst invisible spirits infested the air, whilst tolerance used to be noticeable as treachery and "a mafia of profane popes desecrated Christianity." along with re-creating the onerous lives of standard humans, the Wesleyan professor of historical past peoples his tapestry with such figures as Leonardo, Machiavelli, Lucrezia Borgia, Erasmus, Luther, Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn. Manchester ( The fingers of Krupp ) devotes a lot consciousness to Magellan, whose globe-straddling voyage shattered Christendom's implicit trust in Europe because the heart of the universe. His portrayal of the center a while as a time whilst the robust and the intelligent flourished, whereas the imaginitive, the cerebral and the unlucky suffered, jewelry precise.
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Extra resources for A World Lit Only By Fire: The Medieval Mind and the Renaissance
The advent of Adenet le Roi marks a pivotal moment in the evolution of the chanson de geste. For epic savagery, he has substituted the prestige of courtly conversation. With Adenet, one might venture to say that the epic, as it was known, was buried under the triumph of written romance. Grigsby [See also: CHANSON DE GESTE; GIRART D’AMIENS; KING CYCLE] Adenet le Roi. Les œuvres d’Adenet le Roi, ed. Albert Henry. I: Biographie d’Adenet; La tradition manuscrite. Rijksuniversiteit te Gent. Bruges: De Tempel, 1951.
P. 651. A joglaresse dancing and playing bells (early 12th century). Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale MS lat. 1118. p. 691. Luxeuil Miniscule. St. Augustine, Sermons (Luxeuil, second half of 7th century). Beinecke Library, Yale University MS 481, no. 2 (verso). p. 682. Carolingian Miniscule. Capitularies of Charlemagne, Louis the Pious, and Charles the Bald (northeastern France, ca. 873). Beinecke Library, Yale University MS 413, fol. 55r. p. 682. Late Caroline Miniscule. Bible (Aquitaine or Limousin, early 12th century).
French royal accounting received considerable impetus from the reign of Philip II Augustus, at which time the careful registration of income and expenses began. A Chambre des Comptes would emerge in the early 14th century. However, France did not have an adequate royal budgetary system until after the end of the ancien régime. The most advanced private accounting techniques evolved first in medieval Italy and were later best implemented outside Italy in the Low Countries. This is not to say that France did not witness the development of accounting systems, which attained considerable sophistication at markets like the Champagne fairs.