By Pavel Polian
In the course of his reign over the previous Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin oversaw the pressured resettlement of six million humans -- a maniacal ardour that he used for social engineering. The Soviets weren't the 1st to thrust resettlement on its inhabitants -- a big attribute of totalitarian structures -- yet by way of sheer numbers, applied sciences used to deport humans and the lawlessness which followed it, Stalin's procedure was once the main extraordinary. Six million humans of other social, ethnic, and professions have been resettled sooner than Stalin's dying. Even this day, the aftermath of such deportations principally predetermines occasions which happen within the northern Caucasus, Crimea, the Baltic republics, Moldavia, and western Ukraine. Polian's quantity is the 1st try and comprehensively learn the background of compelled and semivoluntary inhabitants activities inside of or prepared by means of the Soviet Union. Contents variety from the early Twenties to the rehabilitation of repressed nationalities within the Nineties facing inner (kulaks, ethnic and political deportations) and foreign compelled migrations (German internees and occupied territories). An abundance of evidence, figures, tables, maps, and an exhaustively-detailed annex will function vital assets for extra researches.
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Additional info for Against their will. The history and geography of forced migration in the USSR.
27 Baltic general governor P. G. Kurlov opposed the deportation of Jews from Kurland. It was for this reason that he visited the commander-in-chief and convinced him that the latter’s order should be cancelled. During the course of the German advance, the authority over deportation-related matters was transferred to military commanders, who had neither time nor willingness to deal with such issues. —was resumed in June 1915. All this was happening in spite of the fact that at least one member of nearly every Jewish family was fighting at the front, and Jewish young men, including those expelled, were still drafted into the army!
Merely in the USSR some 15 million people fell into the category of “forced migrants,” including those deported by Germany to its territory. , the USA). Undoubtedly it was primarily Germany that was able to rival the USSR when it came to forced migrations. And in the case of Nazi Germany it was the ethnic criteria that played the foremost role in corresponding practices. The two peoples that received singular and most careful attention on the part of the Nazis were Germans and Jews. As far as the German population residing outside the Third Reich (so-called Volksdeutsche) was concerned, the Hitler state developed—and consistently implemented—resettlement projects, that were far-reaching and impressive in scope.
17 It was based on the actual geography of “reliable” and “unreliable” populations, and on their ratio within particular territories: the former group included the population of Slavic origin, and the latter predominantly comprised Jews, Germans, Poles, and the peoples of the Caucasus and Central Asia. Only those regions where the Russian population exceeded 50% were evaluated as favorable in terms of the population’s reliability. The degree of reliability, according to Zolotarev, decreased the further you looked for support from the center to the outskirts of the empire.