By Louis P. Cassimatis
The diplomatic kinfolk among Greece and the U.S. within the interwar interval have acquired scant cognizance from historians, essentially as a result non-political and non-military position of the U.S. in that a part of the area ahead of the second one international conflict. the yank presence in Greece after 1917, besides the fact that, will be basic to the social and fiscal improvement of the Greek state, whereas American impression might ultimately permeate all degrees of Greek society.Dr. Cassimatis bargains the 1st, full-length account of this formative interval within the background of Greek-American international relations. the problems isolating the governments of the us and Greece within the Twenties have been at the same time self-contained and overseas in scope. For Greece, they have been self-contained simply because they concerned ideas to household difficulties affecting the welfare--indeed, the survival--of the Greek state. the world over, they have been interconnected simply because efforts to result in their solution contributed to an American entanglement within the Near-East regulations of significant Britain, France and Italy. hence, American loans, advertisement aggrandizement, the inroads of yank capital, philanthropy, and cultural kin have been yet parts of a bigger diplomatic atmosphere within which the pursuits of the USA got here into clash with the pursuits of the Western eu powers.
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Under pressure from his General Staff, however, the king modified his decision. He declared that the mobilization of Greek forces was defensive and that Greece would not depart from her neutral course. He assured the Bulgarian government that in case Bulgaria declared war on Serbia, Greece would not intervene, while Bulgarian leaders assured Constantine they had no designs on Greek territory. This declaration infuriated the Venizelists who believed that the king was bent on treating the Serbo-Greek alliance as a mere scrap of paper.
11 This action interned all Greek ships in Allied ports and prohibited the departure of Greek vessels from Sa- Page 21 lonika. The Greek ministers in London and Paris were informed that more severe measures were imminent. 12 These developments lead to the conclusion that an attempt was being made to force the Greek government into general elections which would presumably be manipulated by Anglo-French personnel in Greece, thus ensuring the emergence of a regime dominated by Venizelos and his Liberals.
Franco-British Rivalry in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Near East In their attitudes toward the Near East (which, for the purposes of this book, will be defined to include the lands from western Greece to Mesopotamia), Great Britain and France fundamentally were opposed. In both countries, after the First World War, the idea of colonial development for the mutual benefit of the native populations in the underdeveloped lands of the world, on the one hand, and for the administering power, on the other, was practically an article of faith.