By Sofia Koutlaki
Offers an within examine the hidden ideas that exist between Iranians, from well mannered habit and the underlying idea of face to gender roles to the picture that Iranians are looking to venture to the world.
Read or Download Among the Iranians: A Guide to Iran's Culture and Customs PDF
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Extra info for Among the Iranians: A Guide to Iran's Culture and Customs
The same behavior analyzed under a different set of values may result in divergent interpretations: polite and considerate, or intrusive and downright rude. However, even the word intrusive means different things to different people. Take an inter-city train trip, for instance. ” and then will take refuge behind a newspaper or book or by putting on headphones. ” To the gregarious Iranians, such behavior is exceedingly strange: that you would travel for hours next to a stranger and leave the train still not knowing your fellow traveler is almost inconceivable.
The fact that Iranians thrive within the family framework is manifested in diverse ways in social practices and the mass media. Adult children live with their parents until they marry, and sometimes live close to their parents after marriage. The concept of an unmarried adult child moving out is unthinkable, as is the concept of divorced partners living on their own, even if they are responsible for any children. If divorced, both spouses return to their parental homes until they remarry, because Iranians feel they need the practical and emotional support that one’s own blood family can provide.
He concedes that such behavioral strictures function as a jail, but that does not necessarily mean that people dislike their cells. Apart from upholding and protecting their own face, individuals are also concerned with others’ feelings and strive to help them uphold their face because they empathize with them. Goffman emphasizes that both face orientations—the defensive one toward the speaker’s own face and the protective one toward the face of others—are often simultaneous, even though one of them may be predominant at times.