An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion (Cambridge - download pdf or read online

By Michael J. Murray, Michael C. Rea

An advent to the Philosophy of Religion presents a large assessment of the subjects that are on the vanguard of dialogue in modern philosophy of faith. popular perspectives and arguments from either ancient and modern authors are mentioned and analyzed. The ebook treats the entire imperative themes within the box, together with the coherence of the divine attributes, theistic and atheistic arguments, religion and cause, faith and ethics, miracles, human freedom and divine windfall, technology and faith, and immortality. additionally it addresses themes of important value that comparable books frequently forget about, together with the argument for atheism from hiddenness, the coherence of the doctrines of the Trinity and the Incarnation, and the connection among faith and politics. it is going to be a priceless accompaniment to undergraduate and introductory graduate-level classes.

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The first way is just to deny that perfect goodness requires impeccability. One reason for denying this is that it is reasonable to think that someone cannot be praiseworthy (or blameworthy for that matter) unless that person can perform both good and evil actions. If someone unavoidably performs an evil action (because she was brainwashed or drugged, for example) she is not morally accountable for her action because she could not have avoided it. The same seems to be true for praiseworthiness: if the reason that you did some good action was that you were under the influence of a drug that made doing the good action unavoidable, then you are not praiseworthy for doing it.

And if that is right, then this first account of God’s aseity implies that either God is impossible or God exists necessarily. For, again, the truth of G1 logically entails the truth of G2, and vice versa; so if G2 is impossible, then G1 is impossible, and if G2 is a necessary truth, then G1 is a necessary truth. Thus, it looks as if it is in principle possible to reason from the mere possibility of God’s existence to the necessity – and therefore actuality – of God’s existence. We shall return to this way of arguing for God’s existence later, in chapter 5.

Maximal power and divine goodness If one is convinced by the example involving Sally, then what it shows us is that putting omnipotence in terms of the number or types of things the omnipotent being can do or bring about is not the most promising strategy for defining omnipotence. To remedy this, we might try characterizing it in terms of the maximal amount of power that a possible being could have. If God had as much power as any being could have, God would at least have maximal power if not omnipotence.

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