By Aloysius Martinich
This big anthology includes the main complete and authoritative choice of readings in analytic philosophy of the 20th century. It presents a survey and research of the foremost matters, figures and ideas.
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Extra resources for Analytic Philosophy: An Anthology (Blackwell Philosophy Anthologies)
However, the need for token-reﬂexive terms does not militate against a defense of the ontological argument. ” But this does not necessarily constitute a surrender to idealism. ’” The contingency of statements about temporal locations seems to be part of the very fabric not only of discourse, but of reality itself. One of the reasons why a complete description of reality is not possible is that if experience is synonymous with present experienced togetherness, then the concrete entities that make up the world are unrepeatable, in contrast to what Whitehead saw as the repeatability of the eternal objects (or to what Hartshorne calls universals).
Likewise, due to the pressure put on him by his critics, Descartes came to realize that even if the abstraction “nonexistence” is not in itself a defect, contingency in an existing thing is. The ontological argument was therefore central to Descartes’ development as a dialectician (contra Oppy). Further evidence of this development is found in the fact that, whereas the ontological argument comes late in the Meditations and has a rather minor role there, it is pivotal in the later Principles of Philosophy.
It is presumably this sort of strong language that makes Hartshorne’s theism so appealing to Rorty. ” Second, Rorty praises Whitehead’s and Hartshorne’s relationalism, which Hartshorne himself emphasizes in a phrase that is the title of one of his books: reality as social process. In fact, Rorty thinks that historians of philosophy will eventually see the twentieth century as a period where a Leibnizian “panrelationalism” was developed under several different rubrics. The key idea is that each monad (however “monad” is deﬁned) is related to all the other monads seen from a certain perspective.