By Timothy J. Cooley
Challenging myths that mountain isolation and historic folks customs outlined the tune tradition of the Polish Tatras, Timothy J. Cooley indicates that in depth touch with travelers and their extra educational family members, ethnographers, because the overdue nineteenth century contributed to shaping either the ethnic staff referred to as Górale (highlanders) and the song that they practice. Making tune within the Polish Tatras unearths how the traditionally comparable practices of tourism and ethnography really created the very items of vacationer and ethnographic curiosity in what has turn into the preferred lodge area of Zakopane. This vigorous booklet introduces readers to Górale musicians, their present-day lives and song making, and the way they navigate a nearby mountain-defined id whereas partaking in worldwide song tradition. shiny descriptions of musical performances at weddings, funerals, and gala's and the collaboration of Górale fiddlers with the Jamaican reggae workforce Twinkle Brothers are framed by way of discussions of at the moment influential theories in terms of identification and ethnicity and to anthropological and sociological reports of formality, tourism, gala's, globalism, and globalization. The publication encompasses a 46-track CD illustrating the wealthy number of Górale tune, together with examples of its fusion with Jamaican reggae.
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Additional info for Making Music in the Polish Tatras: Tourists, Ethnographers, and Mountain Musicians
Polish inteligencja were attracted by the distinct 8 Making Music in the Polish Tatras cultural practices and mountain scenery found in this region, and they began to frequent Podhale in the nineteenth century (Dahlig 1991, 84; Gromada 1975, 6). In what I deﬁne as the beginning of the region’s tourist industry, Go´rale musicians and dancers performed for these early visitors, who then represented Go´rale to others in the form of ethnographies, including travelogues. Starting in the 1870s ethnographic activities intensiﬁed (and became institutionalized) along with the rise of the deliberate development of Podhale as a tourist destination.
It eventually became clear to me that what made tourist festivals interesting and meaningful was not how well they represented village life onstage but rather how the festivals themselves were a phenomenon. I now interpret these festivals as present-day rituals that replace other more traditionally recognized rituals, yet, like the rituals they replace, festivals also serve to deﬁne a people’s relationship to their universe, and to ensure their continued livelihood. The interpretation of festivals as vital rituals is consistent with the two most prominent uses of the term “ritual” in the social sciences and humanities.
The highest peak in the Polish portion of the Tatras is Mount Rysy at 2,499 meters. Most of the villages lie in the foothills between 600 and 1,000 meters above sea level. 1. Map of Central Europe, Poland, and Podhale. Podhale 21 of the relatively broad and ﬂat ﬁelds of the Nowy Targ Valley on the northern edge of Podhale, the land is rugged and hilly—generally less hospitable on the northern Polish side of the Tatras than the more gently sloping and relatively sunny southern Slovak side. “Life is easy on the Slovak side,” I am told by more than one Go´rale.