Gesprache Von Text Zu Text (Topos Poietikos)

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Windelband, A History of Philosophy (2d ed. 1901, repr. 1968); B. However, Ficino had separated physical love, which had women as its object, from spiritual love, which was shared between men. That man should be modest in his conduct is indicated by the verse: "The righteous eateth to the satisfying of his desire …" (Prov. 13:25), and that the middle way is the best is shown by the verse: "… and thou shalt walk in His ways" (Deut. 28:9).

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Maimonides on Human Perfection

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With Calvin Normore. "Billingham and Buridan on the Foundations of Syllogistic Reasoning" Forthcoming in the Proceedings of the First GPMR Workshop in Logic and Semantics. "Comments on Stephen Read's 'The Truth-schema and the Liar'," S. He works mostly in the philosophy of language, but his research interests extend to issues in the philosophy of mind, metaphysics, formal epistemology, and linguistics. The philosophical ideas and methods of Immanuel Kant’s “critical” philosophy set off a revolution that reverberated throughout the 19th century.

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Early Peril Lost Faith: Italy between Byzantines and

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He gave equal weight to inward self-control and to contributing in a useful way to his community and society (Halle, p. 20). Because Averroës was the recognized commentator on Aristotle, they generally interpreted Aristotle’s thought in an Averroistic way. The first proposal suggests reconsidering claim, while preserving the reasoning -, since - are claims Ockham indisputably states. These schools, from which the name Scholasticism is derived, became centres of medieval learning.

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Bodies and Disciplines: Intersections of Literature and

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The dominant figure in Jewish Aristotelianism was Moses Maimonides. The Scholastics, almost from the first, attempted to do so. Certain early medieval antirealists, such as Roscelin and Garland the Computist, developed a solution that had been suggested by Boethius: Words such as species and genus, said Boethius, may be interpreted as "names of names" (nominum nomina ), so that "Man is a species" should be analyzed as "'Man' is a species," with species naming the word man and indicating that it is predicable specifically of many individuals.

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The Structure of Being and the Search for the Good: Essays

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The world as the creation of God depends on God. The Renaissance was immensely receptive (perhaps more than the Middle Ages) to occult and secret lore of all kind. b. Abelard, Averroës, and Maimonides were each accused of blasphemy because their views conflicted with religious beliefs of the time. Cardano wrote works on medicine, astrology, and mathematics-- his philosophical reputation rests on two works of natural philosophy: 1. Edited, with Introduction, by Arthur Hyman and James J.

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A HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY In Epitome

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Philosophy of the scholastic kind continued, taught and written in Latin, throughout the seventeenth century in the universities, especially in Italy, Spain, and the Netherlands, in the Jesuit schools in many countries, and in some the writers of the Carolingian age, but it is difficult to say how far back this period should be traced. In most of the dialogues, Socrates appears as the main character, who leads and develops the process of inquiry.

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Medieval Philosophy: An Historical and Philosophical

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I., “Zur Überlieferung von Aristoteles PA IV 9, 684b 22 ?σπερ ει τις νοησειεν επ’ ευϑειας,” in Islamic Thought, pp. 403-11. -------,“Some Recent Findings in Michael Scot’s Arabic-Latin Translation of Aristotle’s History of Animals,” in O ye Gentlemen, pp. 35-38. Polonorum (1970)) Argumenta de universalibus realibus (ed. �mahel, Die Prager Universität im Mittelalter) Stephen of Rieti (de Reate) fl. 1340s a commentary on the Ars vetus [ca. 1343] (part. ed. with the De univ.) treatises De secundis intentionibusand De ente reali et rationis (both ed. de Rijk, in Gerald of Odo, Opera philosophica 2005) questions on the De anima [ca. 1320] (Bk.

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The First Eagle

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Parmenides (fl. 500 BC) argued that it is impossible to doubt that thinking actually occurs. He came up with the lofty goal to translate Plato and Aristotle into Latin, write commentaries on the whole of that material, and then write another work to show that Plato and Aristotle essentially said the same thing: If the more powerful favor of divinity grants it to me, this is [my] firm purpose: Although those people were very great talents whose labor and study translated into the Latin tongue much of what we are now treating, nevertheless they did not bring it into any kind of order or shape or in its arrangement to the level of the [scholarly] disciplines. [Hence I propose] that I turn all of Aristotle's work—[or] whatever [of it] comes into my hands—into the Latin style and write commentaries in the Latin language on all of it, so that if anything of the subtlety of the logical art was written down by Aristotle, of the weightiness of moral knowledge, of the cleverness of the truth of physical matters, I will translate it and even illuminate it with a kind of “light” of commentary. [Then,] translating all of Plato's dialogues or even commenting [on them], I will bring them into Latin form.

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Lucretius de Rerum Natura Libri VI (Bibliotheca Teubneriana)

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In epistemology, these questions will include: What is knowledge? Arnzen, Rüdiger, “On the Nature and Fate of Chapter V of Ibn Rushd’s Epitome of Aristotle’s Metaphysics,” in Islamic Thought, pp. 43-58. This relationship can be seen by examining two fields: (1) philosophy and science and (2) philosophy and religion. With a vast wealth of mystical literature and philosophic defenses of mysticism, Indian thought has much to offer the epistemology of religious belief.

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The Mediaeval Mind: A History of the Development of Thought

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Intentionally weakening the body through fasting helps one to learn to deal with bodily pain, but spending one month a year in this weakened state is taking it too far. But obedience to rulers is always limited by obedience to the commands of God. However, from the fourteenth century onwards, the increasing use of mathematical reasoning in natural philosophy prepared the way for the rise of science in the early modern period. In the United States, meanwhile, the philosophy of W.

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